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Leroy Schwarz

Leroy Schwarz

Louis A. Weil, Jr., Professor Emeritus of Management
Supply Chain and Operations Management


Ph.D., Business, University of Chicago, 1971
M.B.A., Business, University of Chicago, 1967
B.A., Chemistry, University of Chicago, 1963

Professor Schwarz teaches supply-chain management, manufacturing planning-and-control systems, and operations management. His current research interests include supply-chain strategy, manufacturing management, healthcare-product supply chains, and secure supply-chain collaboration. Professor Schwarz is the Louis A. Weil, Jr., Professor of Management at Purdue University. He serves on the Executive Committee of the e-Enterprise Center at Discovery Park and served as the Academic Director of the Regenstrief Center for Healthcare Engineering at Purdue. He is an Editor for Operations Management Education Review (OMER). In addition, Professor Schwarz is a Partner in Privacy-Preserving Collaboration Technologies, L.L.C. (PriProTex), a company specializing in secure supply-chain collaboration systems and software. Professor Schwarz's book credits include Multi-Level Production/Inventory Control Systems: Theory and Practice (TIMS/North Holland, 1981); and Micro-Computer Software for Operations Management, co-authored with James Freeland, (University of Virginia, 1986). Professor Schwarz's research articles have appeared in Manufacturing & Operations Management, Management Science, Naval Research Logistics Quarterly, AIIE Transactions, and Operations Research. He is a member of INFORMS, OMA, POMS, and APICS. Professor Schwarz is a Fellow of the Institute for Operations Research and the Management Sciences (INFORMS). He was the Founding Editor of Manufacturing & Service Operations Management, and the Founding Director of Purdue's Dauch Center for the Management of Manufacturing Enterprises (1987-90). He is a Fellow of the American Production and Inventory Control Society (APICS), and Ameritech Foundation Fellow of Manufacturing Management. He received the 2001 Distinguished Service Award from the Manufacturing and Service Operations Management Society and the 2002 Service Award from INFORMS.

Journal Articles

  • Leroy B Schwarz, Q Hu, N Uhan (2012). The Impact of GPOs on Healthcare-Product Supply Chains. Manufacturing & Service Operations Management, vol. 14 (1), 7-23.
  • Leroy B Schwarz; H Zhao (2012). The Unexpected Impact of Information-Sharing on US Pharmaceutical Supply Chains. Interfaces, vol. 41 (4), 354-364.
  • Schwarz, L., Deshpande, V., Atallah, M.J., Blanton, M., Frikken, K.B., & Li, J. (2011). Secure Collaborative Planning, Forecasting, and Replenishment (SCPFR). Production and Operations Management, vol. 20:2 165-180.
  • Schwarz, L.; Hu, Qiaohai (Joice) (2011). Do GPOs Promote or Stifle Competition in Healthcare-Product Supply Chains. Production and Operations Management, vol. 20:1 1-15.
  • Schwarz, L. & Lee, J. (2009). Leadtime Management in a Periodic-Review Inventory System: A State-Dependent Base-Stock Policy. European Journal of Operations Research, vol. 11/2009
  • Schwarz, L., Maqbool, D. & Petruzzi, N (2007). A Newsvendor's Procurement Problem when Suppliers are Unreliable. Manufacturing & Service Operations Management, vol. 9:1 9-32.
  • Schwarz, L. & Lee, J (2007). Leadtime Reduction in a (Q,r) Inventory System. The International Journal of Production Economics, vol. 105 204-212.
  • Schwarz, L., Ward, J. & Zhai, X. (2006). On the Interactions Between Routing and Inventory-Management Policies in a One-Warehouse N-Retailer Distribution System. Manufacturing & Service Operations Management, vol. 8 (3), 253-272.
  • Iyer, A., Schwarz, L., & Zenios, S. (2005). Screening Contracts for Product and Process Development: A Principal-Agent Model. Management Science, (51:1), 106-119.
  • Schwarz, L., Atallah, M., Elmongui, H., & Deshpande, V. (2003). Secure Supply-Chain Protocols. Proceedings of the IEEE Conference on Electronic Commerce (CEC), Newport Beach, California. 293-302.
  • Schwarz, L., & Weng, Z. (2000). The Design of a JIT Supply Chain: The Impact of Lead-Time Uncertainty on Safety Stock. The Journal of Business Logistics, vol. 21 (2), 231-253.
  • Schwarz, L. (1998). A New Teaching Paradigm: The Information/Control/Buffer Portfolio. Production and Operations Management, vol. 7 (2), 125-131.
  • Schwarz, L., McGavin, E., & Ward, J. (1997). Balancing Retailer Inventories. Operations Research, vol. 45 (6),
  • Schwarz, L., Kumar, A., & Ward, J. (1995). Risk-Pooling Along a Fixed Delivery Route Using a Dynamic Inventory-Allocation Policy. Management Science, vol. 41 (2),
  • Schwarz, L., McGavin, E., & Ward, J. (1993). Two-Interval Inventory-Allocation Policies in a One-Warehouse N-Identical Retailer Distribution System. Management Science, vol. 39 (9), 1092-1107.
  • Schwarz, L. (1989). A Model for Assessing the Value of Warehouse Risk-Pooling over Outside-Supplier Leadtimes. Management Science, vol. 35 (7), 828-842.
  • Schwarz, L., & Badinelli, R. (1988). Backorders Optimization in a One-Warehouse N-Retailer Distribution System. Naval Research Logistics, vol. 35 (5), 427-440.
  • Schwarz, L., Lowe, T., & McGavin, E. (1988). The Determination of Optimal Base-Stock Inventory Policy when the Costs of Under- and Over-Stocking are Uncertain. Naval Research Logistics, vol. 35 (4), 539-554.
  • Schwarz, L., Badinelli, R., & Deuermeyer, B. (1985). Fill-Rate Optimization in a One-Warehouse N-Identical Retailer Distribution System. Management Science, vol. 31 (4), 488-498.
  • Schwarz, L., & Lowe, T. (1983). Parameter Estimation for the EOQ Lot-size Model: Minimax and Expected Value Choices. Naval Research Logistics, vol. 30 (2), 367-376.
  • Schwarz, L. (1981). Physical Distribution: The Analysis of Inventory and Location. AIIE Transactions, vol. 13 (2), 138-150.
  • Schwarz, L., & Dembowski, F. (1980). An Integer Programming Approach to School District Financial Management. Socio-Economic Planning Sciences, vol. 14 137-153.
  • Schwarz, L., Graves, S., & Hausman, W. (1978). Scheduling Policies for Automatic Warehousing Systems: Simulation Results. AIIE Transactions, vol. 10 (3), 260-270.
  • Schwarz, L., & Graves, S. (1978). On Stationarity and Optimality in Arborescent Production/Inventory Systems. Management Science, vol. 24 (16), 1768-1769.
  • Schwarz, L., & Schrage, L. (1978). On Echelon Holding Costs. Management Science, vol. 24 (8), 865-866.
  • Schwarz, L., & Johnson, R. (1978). An Appraisal of the Empirical Performance of the Linear Decision Rule. Management Science, vol. 24 (8), 844-849.
  • Schwarz, L. (1977). A Note on the Optimality of '5-EOQ's Worth' Forecast Horizons. Operations Research, vol. 25 (3), 533-536.
  • Schwarz, L., & Graves, S. (1977). Single Cycle Continuous Review Policies for Arborescent Production/Inventory Systems. Management Science, vol. 23 (5), 529-540.
  • Schwarz, L., & Roodman, G. (1977). Extensions of the Multi-Period Facility Phase-Out Model: New Procedures and Application to a Phase-In/Phase-Out Problem. AIIE Transactions, vol. 9 (1), 103-107.
  • Schwarz, L., Graves, S., & Hausman, W. (1977). Storage-Retrieval Interleaving in Automatic Warehousing Systems. Management Science, vol. 23 (9), 935-945.
  • Schwarz, L., Hausman, W., & Graves, S. (1976). Optimal Storage Assignment in Automatic Warehousing Systems. Management Science, vol. 22 (6), 629-638.
  • Schwarz, L., & Roodman, G. (1975). Optimal and Heuristic Facility Phase-Out Strategies. AIIE Transactions, vol. 7 (2), 177-184.
  • Schwarz, L., & Schrage, L. (1975). Optimal and System Myopic Policies for Multi-Echelon Production/Inventory Assembly Systems. Management Science, vol. 21 (11), 1285-1294.
  • Schwarz, L. (1973). A Simple Continuous Review Deterministic One Warehouse N-Retailer Inventory Problem. Management Science, vol. 19 (5), 555-566.
  • Schwarz, L. (1972). Economic Order Quantities for Products with Finite Demand Horizons. AIIE Transactions, vol. 4 (3), 234-237.


  • Schwarz, L., & Singhal, K. (1998). Teaching Production/Operations Management: Vision, Topics, and Pedagogies. Special issue of Production and Operations Management,
  • Schwarz, L., & Freeland, J. (1986). Micro-Computer Models for Operations Management. University of Virginia,

Book Chapters

  • Schwarz, L. (2007). The EOQ Model. Kluwer Academic Publishing,
  • Schwarz, L. (2005). The Sate-of-Practice in Supply-Chain Management: A Research Perspective. Springer Science+Business Media, Inc., 325-362.
  • Schwarz, L., & Ward, J. (1995). Paper Hats. Prentice-Hall,
  • Schwarz, L., & Ward, J. (1995). Making Chips. Prentice-Hall,
  • Schwarz, L. (1993). The Information/Control/Buffer Portfolio: An Operations Management Paradigm. Kluwer Academic Publishers,
  • Schwarz, L. (1986). Micro-Computer Graphics Models for Sensitivity Analysis of Inventory Control Systems. North-Holland,
  • Schwarz, L., & Deuermeyer, B. (1981). A Model for the Analysis of System Service Level in Warehouse/Retailer Distribution Systems: The Identical Retailer Case. North-Holland, Chapter 8.

Book (edited)

  • Schwarz, L. (1981). Multi-Level Production/Inventory Control Systems: Theory and Practice. North-Holland,


Quick links

Personal website

Area(s) of Expertise

Supply-Chain Management, Advanced Technology Management, Inventory Management, Manufacturing, Manufacturing Processes